Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds. (ex. Cool, calm, and collectively, the quiet killer crept.)
Ballad a simple narrative poem in four-line stanzas, usually sung.
Couplet is a two-line stanza.
Free Verse poetry that avoids the use of regular rhyme, rhythm, meter or division into stanzas.
Hyperbole Exaggeration to prove a point. "I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse." and, "My heart cries for you."
Image a word or phrase that names something that can be seen, heard, touched, tasted or smelled.
Imagery the collective images used in a work. It is very vivid and descriptive.
Lyric Poem a short, highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts and emotions of a speaker
Metaphor figure of speech directly comparing two unlike things. (ex. Her anger simmered and finally came to a full boil. "The silver dollar moon.")
Metrical verse has meter, the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that form a rhythm. "When in doubt, think of a limerick."
Example: / marks a stressed syllable
marks an unstressed syllable
Is this the face that launched a thousand ships?
Narrative Poem a verse that tells a story.
Onomatopoeia is the use of words or phases that sound like the things that they describe. (ex. buzz, chop, clatter, mumble, clank)
Oxymoron A contradiction used to make a comparison. (ex. Jumbo shrimp, Civil War, Casual elegance.)
Personification A figure of speech in which something that is not human is described as though it were. (ex. The old car coughed and spit as it trudged up the hill. The talking teapot.)
Quatrain is a four-line stanza
Repetition the use of any element again and again such as a sound, word or phrase to create an effect.
Rhyme Scheme the sound pattern a poem has at the conclusion of each line.
Remember me when I am gone away (a)
Gone far away into the silent land (b)
When you can no more hold me by the hand (b)
Nor I half turn to go, yet turning, stay (a) the rhyme scheme of these lines is abba.
Rhymed Verse poetry with a regular rhythm.
Simile figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as. (ex. Her anger simmered like a pot of soup over a low steady flame.)
Sonnet is a poem with fourteen lines having one of several standard stanza forms and rhyme schemes.
Stanza a recurring pattern of grouped lines or a paragraph in a poem.
Symbol is something that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself. (ex. The lion is a symbol of courage.)
Triplet or Tercet is a three-line stanza.
Tone is the attitude that the author or narrator takes toward a subject or toward the reader. (ex. playful, ironic, serious)
Theme a central idea in a literary work. Sometimes the theme is a lesson learned by the protagonist.
"Take me home?"