“The Least You Need To Know”

 A noun is:












Concrete Nouns:                            Abstract Nouns:


Common Nouns:                                      Proper Nouns:



Collective Nouns take a singular verb if they are all doing the same thing:

The class is/are performing poetry today.

The school committee was/were unanimous.

The faculty was/were split on what to do about the new schedule.


Gerunds (-ing)

When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same.

When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund:

When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:

For extra credit, we look at how we use gerunds, followed by a quiz to check your understanding.  I am piloting the materials on this page and I appreciate any input of the attached quizzes from a student’s perspective.

Many grammarians do not like to use the expression "gerund". That is because there is sometimes no clear difference between a gerund and a present participle.


Adapted from: